Woodwork Flooring

How to Refinish Hardwood Floors and Mistakes to Avoid!

Hardwood floor refinishing, or resurfacing, is a great way to improve a room’s appearance without spending much time or money installing new flooring. Hardwood floors are intended to last the lifetime of the property where they are introduced; however, over the long haul, they’ll typically require resurfacing. To effectively refinish hardwood floors, you should initially figure out what floor you have. Refinishing hardwood floors is a great way to make a room feel brand new, whether you’re renovating an old house or looking for a way to make your current home look better. However, refinishing can be a complex process, and making a mistake could result in unsatisfactory outcomes or even damage your flooring. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll talk about how to refinish hardwood floors and the most common blunders in the process.


How to refinish hardwood floor:


It is best to refinish hardwood floors because they are constructed of solid wood planks. You need at least 3/4″ of leftover space to attempt a full resurface. The cycle to refinish the hardwood floor includes eliminating the top layer of the covering material utilizing an enormous sander, which eliminates the surface completion and burrows down past any surface scratches, stains, or defects that could exist. A new surface is created as a result, which can then be stained and coated with a protective finish of your choosing.


  1. Prep the room


Make the room ready for refinishing the hardwood floor by taking the following steps:

  • Put the furniture in another space and eliminate any covering or mats.
  • After the floor is clear, use finishing nails to fix loose floorboards and hammer any nails sticking out flat.
  • Utilize a vacuum or mop to sweep the floor.
  • Guarantee air vent covers are fixed to forestall sanding dust from entering your ventilation work.
  • Apply plastic sheeting over ways to hold dust back from moving to the remainder of the house.
  • Ensure your equipment is taped off to prevent scratching the floor registers.


  1. Remove shoe molding


Before sanding the floor while refinishing hardwood floors, pull up the shoe molding along the wall-floor joint. Remove the molding with a pry bar and cover the baseboard with scrap wood. Utilizing a manageable crowbar or destruction bar would be best to eliminate the embellishment since these will harm it.


  1. Start sanding


Sanding to refinish hardwood floors can begin once the room has been prepared. You will need three power tools for this part of the job: a detail sander for the corners, a hand-held random orbital sander for the edges, and a large walk-behind sander for the room’s central area. Doing the corners by hand is feasible, but it will require more significant investment and exertion. Sand wardrobe floors, restroom floors, steps, and edges with an orbital sander. A scraper and 80- and 100-grit sandpaper can be used to hand-sand small areas of flooring that an orbital sander cannot reach.


  1. Screen-sand the floor


The ground surface should be “screen-sanded,” utilizing story support with a fine-coarseness screening cushion. This step eliminates minor lopsidedness and sanding scratches left by the drum or belt sander and orbital sander. After you’re done, thoroughly sweep and vacuum the flooring before wiping it down with a tack cloth to remove any lingering dust. This is important because dust and hair can affect the hardwood floors’ refinishing.


  1. Stain your floor


You’re ready to complete refinishing hardwood floors when the floor is sanded, cleaned, and thoroughly dried. If you want to stain the floor, you can do so here. Utilizing a froth utensil cushion, apply the color toward the wood grain. Work in little, reasonable segments all at once.


  1. Apply the finish/ seal your floor


The finish, which typically consists of polyurethane based on water or oil, must be applied when refinishing hardwood floors. The finish color is one of the most significant differences; oil-based polyurethane will impart a yellow or amber hue depending on the brand, whereas water-based products will go on hazy and dry clear.


Mistakes to avoid


Hidden under many broken-down floors lie wonderful hardwoods that need a little resurfacing to look dazzling once more. Through hardwood floor sanding, reestablishing the extravagance and excellence of dull, dim floors for a magazine-commendable look is conceivable. While the interaction is conceivable, there are many slip-ups one can make en route to refinishing hardwood floors.


  1. Uneven sanding


Remain in one spot for a long time, and you’ll scratch away many layers of wood and make shallow, sander-molded impressions across refinished hardwood floors. Applying an excess of tension or utilizing a lopsided movement while sanding can create a lopsided surface. Steady, back-and-forth motion and consistent pressure will help you avoid this. Neglecting to eliminate all of the old completion can make the new completion stick inadequately and bring about a lopsided appearance.


  1. Choosing the wrong sandpaper grit


Choosing the right sandpaper coarseness is urgent for smoothness and even completion in refinishing hardwood floors. Utilizing a coarseness that is too coarse can cause profound scratches while utilizing a coarseness that is too fine can bring about a lopsided surface. Continuously follow the manufacturer’s proposals for the ground surface you’re working with.


  1. Poorly applied stain and finish


Applying the finish accurately is pivotal to accomplishing an excellent, dependable refinish hardwood floor outcome. Marring can happen if you apply too many layers of finish or keep them dry enough between layers. In a brief time frame, your floors will look dull, grimy, and conceivably harmed as normal wear makes defects in the surface.


  1. Skipping the buffing process


Between coats of finish, buffing the floor helps smooth out any flaws and makes the surface smoother, even on refinished hardwood floors. Skirting this step can bring about a harsh or lopsided completion. Before applying the next coat of finish, vacuum the floor and wipe it down with a microfiber cloth to remove any debris after buffing.




Resurfacing hardwood floors can be achieved in seven stages. Preparing the room for work, removing shoe molding, sanding the floor, detail sanding edges and corners, screen sanding the floor, applying a new stain, and applying a finish are all ways to refinish hardwood floors. If you’re looking for a Wood Flooring Company near Minneapolis, MN to assist with this process, consider reaching out for professional help.




Q) How long does it take to refinish hardwood floors?


The most common way to refinish hardwood floors can change in length, yet a standard 3-4 days is the average period for a 1,000-square-foot work. Refinishing hardwood floors typically takes between two and six days for businesses. After the floor is refinished, you won’t be able to move your furniture back into the house for six to twelve days. The specific time shifts in light of floor size, sanding length, and drying time between numerous layers of finish.


Q) Can all hardwood floors be refinished?


Prefinished floors can be sanded and resurfaced later for however long they are strong wood, not engineered wood. Most engineered wood cannot be refinished, whereas solid hardwood can.


Q) What is the process for refinishing hardwood floors?


Resurfacing hardwood floors can be achieved in seven stages. Preparing the room for work, removing shoe molding, sanding the floor, detail sanding edges and corners, screen sanding the floor, applying a new stain, and applying a finish are all ways to refinish hardwood floors. Incorporating Woodworking Tips tricks can streamline the sanding process and enhance the overall finish quality

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